- Pediatric Surgery is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
- Subspecialties of pediatric surgery itself include: neonatal surgery and fetal surgery.
- Other areas of surgery also have pediatric specialties of their own that require further training: pediatric cardiothoracic surgery, pediatric nephrology, pediatric neurosurgery, and pediatric urological surgery.
- Common pediatric diseases that may require pediatric surgery include:-
- Congenital malformations: lymphangioma, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresia and trache-oesophageal fistula, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal atresia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes,
- Abdominal wall defects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias.
- Chest wall deformities: pectus excavatum
- Childhood tumors: like neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, ATRT, liver tumors, teratomas
- Separation of conjoined twins.